[1] Gormley, W., Gayer,  T., Phillips, D., & Dawson, B. (2004). The effects of Oklahoma’s Universal Pre-K Program on school readiness: An executive summary. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University, Center for Research on Children in the US. Retrieved on April 21, 2010 from http://www.crocus.georgetown.edu/reports/executive_summary_11_04.pdf

[1] Gormley, W., Gayer,  T., Phillips, D., & Dawson, B. (2004). The effects of Oklahoma’s Universal Pre-K Program on school readiness: An executive summary. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University, Center for Research on Children in the US. Retrieved on April 21, 2010 from http://www.crocus.georgetown.edu/reports/executive_summary_11_04.pdf

[1] Barnett, W.S. (1985). Benefit-cost analysis of the Perry pre-school program and its policy implications. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 7, 333-342.

[1] Schweinhart, L.J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W.S., Belfield, C.R., & Nores, M. (2005). Lifetime effects:  The High Scope/Perry Preschool Study through age 40. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.

[1] Schweinhart, L.J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W.S., Belfield, C.R., & Nores, M. (2005). Lifetime effects:  The High Scope/Perry Preschool Study through age 40. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.

[1] Schweinhart, L.J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W.S., Belfield, C.R., & Nores, M. (2005). Lifetime effects:  The High Scope/Perry Preschool Study through age 40. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.

[1] Gormley, W., Gayer,  T., Phillips, D., & Dawson, B. (2004). The effects of Oklahoma’s Universal Pre-K Program on school readiness: An executive summary. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University, Center for Research on Children in the US. Retrieved on April 21, 2010 from http://www.crocus.georgetown.edu/reports/executive_summary_11_04.pdf

[1] Gormley, W., Gayer,  T., Phillips, D., & Dawson, B. (2004). The effects of Oklahoma’s Universal Pre-K Program on school readiness: An executive summary. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University, Center for Research on Children in the US. Retrieved on April 21, 2010 from http://www.crocus.georgetown.edu/reports/executive_summary_11_04.pdf

[1] Barnett, W.S. (1985). Benefit-cost analysis of the Perry pre-school program and its policy implications. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 7, 333-342.

[1] Schweinhart, L.J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W.S., Belfield, C.R., & Nores, M. (2005). Lifetime effects:  The High Scope/Perry Preschool Study through age 40. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.

[1] Schweinhart, L.J., Montie, J., Xiang, Z., Barnett, W.S., Belfield, C.R., & Nores, M. (2005). Lifetime effects:  The High Scope/Perry Preschool Study through age 40. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.

[1] Several studies show that high quality pre-k teachers have at least a four-year degree, partake in on-going training, and are paid well. Whitebook, M.  (2003).  Early education quality: Higher teacher qualifications for better learning environments – A review of the literature. Retrieved on April 21, 2010 from  http://iir.berkeley.edu/cscce/pdf/teacher.pdf

[1] Katz, L. (1999). Curriculum disputes in early childhood education. Early Childhood and Parenting Collaborative; University of Illinois. Archive of ERIC/EECE Digest. Retrieved on April 21, 2010 http://www.ericdigests.org/2000-3/disputes.htm; Goffin, S. G., & Wilson, C. (2001). Curriculum models and early childhood education: Appraising the relationship (2nd ed.).  Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill/Prentice Hall.

[1] Some examples of a strong parent-involvement component include the home visits in the High/Scope Perry Pre-kindergarten and Syracuse University Family Development programs, the intensive parent coaching in Chicago Child-Parent Centers, and the parent volunteers in Head Start. For Perry Pre-kindergarten see: Schweinhart, L. J., Barnes, H. V., & Weikart, D. P. (1993). Significant benefits: The High/Scope Perry Pre-kindergarten study through age 27. Ypsilanti, MI: High/Scope Press.  See also D. R. Powell (Ed.).  (1988). Parent education as early childhood intervention:  Emerging directions in theory, research, and practice (pp. 79-104).  Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.

[1] Barnett, W. S., Hustedt, J.T., Friedman, A.H., Boyd, J.S., & Ainsworth, P. (2008). The state of preschool 2008: State preschool yearbook. New Brunswick, NJ: National Institute of Early Education Research.

[1] Dunkle, M., & Vismara, L.  (2004).  Developmental checkups: They’re good, they’re cheap and they’re almost never done. What’s wrong with this picture? Bethesda, MD: Education Week.

[1] Kirsch, I., Braun, H., & Yamamoto, K. (2007). America’s perfect storm: Three forces changing our nation’s future. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Services. Retrieved on April 21, 2010 from http://www.ets.org/Media/Education_Topics/pdf/AmericasPerfectStorm.pdf

[1] Kemple, J.J., & Snipes, JC. (2000). Career Academies: Impacts on students’ engagement and performance in high school. New York: MDRC; Kemple, J.J., & Willner, C.J. (2008). Career Academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.

[1] Kemple, J.J., & Snipes, JC. (2000). Career Academies: Impacts on students’ engagement and performance in high school. New York: MDRC; Kemple, J.J., & Willner, C.J. (2008). Career Academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.

[1] Kemple, J.J., & Snipes, JC. (2000). Career Academies: Impacts on students’ engagement and performance in high school. New York: MDRC; Kemple, J.J., & Willner, C.J. (2008). Career Academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.

[1] Kemple, J.J., & Willner, C.J. (2008). Career Academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.

[1] Kemple, J.J., & Willner, C.J. (2008). Career Academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.

[1] Kemple, J.J., & Willner, C.J. (2008). Career Academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.

[1] Kemple, J.J., & Willner, C.J. (2008). Career Academies: Long-term impacts on labor market outcomes, educational attainment, and transitions to adulthood. New York: MDRC.